8 August 2021
Cervical spine
Cervical Spine C1 – C7 The cervical spine (neck region) consists of seven bones (C1-C7 vertebrae), which are separated from one another by intervertebral discs. These […]
5 October 2021
Definitive Airway
Establishing a definitive airway is defined as placement of an ETT in the trachea with cuff inflated below the vocal cords. Relative to the ETT, the LMA […]
8 August 2021
The epiglottis is a flap of cartilage behind the root of the tongue, which is depressed during swallowing to cover the opening of the windpipe.
25 April 2021
The hypopharynx forms the final section of the pharynx before it merges with the oesophagus.
20 August 2021
Interincisor distance
Interincisor distance Distance between upper and lower incisors.
25 April 2021
Laryngeal inlet
The laryngeal inlet (entrance of the larynx) is a triangular opening, wide in front, narrow behind, and sloping obliquely downward and backward.
20 August 2021
Laryngopharyngeal wall
Part of the palatopharyngeal curve where the backplate or posterior cuff of an LMA abuts when in situ.
15 May 2021
Bound superiorly by the epiglottis and inferiorly by the junction between the glottic inlet and oesophagus.
15 May 2021
Encased by protective cartilages the larynx houses the vestibular fold and vocal (true) cords. The larynx represents the merger point between the upper airway and trachea.
15 May 2021
The nasopharynx lies behind the nasal cavity and above the soft palate and communicates with the oropharynx through the pharyngeal isthmus, which becomes closed off during the […]
15 May 2021
The oesophagus is the hollow tube that leads from the throat (pharynx) to the stomach.
15 May 2021
Oral Cavity
The oral cavity is bounded anteriorly by the lips, laterally by the cheeks, superiorly by the hard palate, and inferiorly by the mucosa covering the superior […]
20 August 2021
Oropharyngeal leak pressure
Oropharyngeal leak pressure Oropharyngeal leak pressure (OLP), measured by closing the expiratory valve of the anesthetic circle system at a fixed gas flow rate and noting […]
15 May 2021
The oropharynx is bordered by the soft palate superiorly and base of the tongue inferiorly.
15 May 2021
The palate separates the oral cavity from the nasal cavity.
15 May 2021
Palatopharyngeal curve
The Palatopharyngeal curve is made up of the following structures: Hard palate Soft palate Posterior oropharyngeal wall Posterior laryngopharyngeal wall
8 August 2021
The pharynx, commonly called the throat, is a passageway that extends from the base of the skull to the level of the sixth cervical vertebra. It […]
18 May 2021
Primary and secondary seal
Primary and Secondary Seal Bound superiorly by the epiglottis and inferiorly by the junction between the glottic inlet and oesophagus, the laryngopharynx typically contains the bulk […]
20 August 2021
Pyriform Fossa
Laryngoscopic View The pyriform sinus (also spelled piriform sinus and also known as the pyriform recess, pyriform fossa, and smuggler’s fossa) is the pear-shaped subsite of […]
15 May 2021
The tongue is anchored to the mouth by webs of tough tissue and mucosa. In the back of the mouth, the tongue is anchored into the […]